Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CAMPBELL, James Valentine, jurist, born in Buffalo, New York, 25 February, 1823. He was taken to Detroit, Michigan, in 1826, was graduated at St. Paul's College, College Point, L. I., in 1841, studied law in Detroit, and was admitted to practice in 1844. He was a master of chancery in the state and federal courts, and when a Supreme Court was established in Michigan, in 1857, was elected one of the associate justices. During nearly thirty years' service on the bench he rendered valuable decisions, some of which were important contributions to the body of the law. In 1859, when the law department in the University of Michigan was instituted, Judge Campbell was given a chair in the law-school, and lectured for twenty-five years. In 1845 he edited Walker's " Chancery Reports." He was politically a Whig until the Whigs were merged in the Republican Party in 1854, when he joined the republicans, but has condemned, in some instances, the expansion of executive and judicial powers by the federal authorities under republican administration. He has devoted his leisure to literary and historical studies, and gave special attention to the history of Michigan and the northwest territory. In 1876 he published "Outlines of the Political History of Michigan" (Detroit). Among his contributions to the press are essays on the polity of the Protestant Episcopal church and on questions in jurisprudence, and many poems depicting the life of the Michigan pioneers.
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