Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ST. OURS, Jean Baptiste de, Sieur D'Es-¢HAILLONS, French-Canadian soldier, born in Canada in 1668; died in Montreal in 1747. His father, Pierre de St. Ours, was the first of the family to come to Canada, rendered great services to the colony, and obtained extensive grants of land. The son entered the army as soon as he was fit to bear arms, was made lieutenant in 1702, and a little afterward became garde-marine. In 1708 he was one of the three commanders of the expedition against Fort Orange (now Albany). The Christian Iroquois having abandoned the expedition, the French were about to retreat, but St. Ours appealed to the Indians that remained with him not to return without doing something. About 200 swore that they would follow him, and at their head he captured the village and fort of Haverhill, with its garrison, afterward leading his men back to Canada, having adroitly extricated them from an ambuscade. He commanded a com-party in De Ramezay's expedition against the English in 1710. In 1721 he was intrusted with a special mission to various Indian tribes by the governor, De Vaudreuil. He went by way of Detroit, visited Lachine, and endeavored to put a stop to the liquor traffic with the Miamis. St. Ours also tried to bring about peace between the Sioux and their enemies, took steps to form the Creeks into a single village, and essayed to attract to that of Gamanistigonye the savages that were scattered along Lake Superior. On his return he was made major of Montreal, and he subsequently became king's lieutenant.--His grandson, Charles Louis Roeh, born in Canada in 1753; died there in 1834, on his entrance into public life decided to support the English government in Canada, and was appointed a member of the legislative council. In this post he endeavored successfully to give expression to the views of his countrymen. He opposed an attempt to have the English language .adopted, and also combated a plan for confiscat-mg the property of the Jesuits. In 1774 he was appointed major of militia, and soon afterward he became colonel. The services that he rendered the English at the head of the Canadian volunteers gained him the friendship of General Carleton, who made St. Ours his aide de camp. He travelled through Europe in 1785, and was received with honor not only at the English court, but by Fredcrick the Great and Louis XVI. On his return he took a notable part in the public life of Canada., where his influence in affairs was much increased by his moderation in debate and courtesy toward political opponents.--His kinsman, Francis Xavier, born in Canada about 1714" died in Quebec in 1759, entered the military service and rose rapidly in rank. He was one of the commanders of the militia in the attack on Fort George, and, although wounded, he drove back a force of English at the head of a few Canadians. After the battle of Carrillon in 1758 he was one of the three officers that were specially mentioned for heroism by Montcalm. He commanded the right of the French army, with De Bonne, at Quebec, and was killed while charging at the head of his troops.
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