Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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NESMOND, Jean Baptiste du Bue de (nes-mong), West Indian administrator, born in Trois Ilets in 1717 ; died in Paris in 1795. After finishing his studies in Paris he entered the colonial administration, where he held several important offices; presided in 1761 at the foundation of a board of agriculture in Fort de France, and in the same year was elected deputy of the colonists. A paper on colonial administration that he presented to the king on his arrival in Versailles received high approbation" he was chosen a director of the Company of the Indies, and in 1763 president of the administration of the West Indies, which pose he held till his resignation in 1770. His papers on colonial administration attracted attention, and contributed much toward the adoption of the protective colonial policy that was in force in the French possessions till the reign of Napoleon III. Madame Necker in her "Melanges" mentions Buc de Nesmond as one of the ablest and most witty men of the eighteenth century.--His son, Louis Francois, West Indian administrator, born in Trois Ilets in 1779; died in Paris, 12 December, 1827, served several years in France, but returned to Martinique at the beginning of the revolution, was elected president of the colonial assembly, and rendered great service in quelling several insurrections. The monarchist army meanwhile defeated the patriots, and marching to St. Pierre threatened to burn the city in case of resistance, but Nesmond saved the city by his firmness. He assisted afterward in the pacification of the colony, fought gallantly against the English, and through his influence obtained from Admiral Cochrane in 1806 a convention that left the administration of the colony to the French. Louis XVIII. appointed him colonial intendant in 1814, and he held that office for thirteen years, encouraging agriculture, promoting commerce and industry, and, in opposition to his father's teachings, advocating a policy of free trade with the United States. In 1827 he was elected to the chamber of deputies, but he died soon after his arrival in Paris.
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