Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GOUYION, Jean Baptiste, French soldier, born in Toul, 8 January 1747; died near Grisnelle, 11 June, 1792. He was an officer of engineers in the French army, came to America in 1777, served on the staff of Lafayette, was appointed major and afterward lieutenant colonel of engineers, and received a pension for services at Yorktown. He returned to France at the end of the war, became adjutant general in 1787, and major general in the national guard in 1789. In 1791-'2 he was a deputy in the national assembly. He was made a lieutenant-general, and commanded the vanguard of Lafayette's army when he was killed.
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