Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MEILLEUR, Jean Baptiste, Canadian author, born in St. Laurent, island of Montreal, 9 May, 1795; died in Montreal, 6 December, 1878. He was educated at the College of the Sulpitians, Montreal, and studied law, but abandoned it for medicine, and was graduated at Castleton medical college, Vermont, in 1825. On his return to Canada he became one of the principal assistants to the " Tessier Journal," and was elected a member of parliament in November, 1834. In May, 1842, he was appointed superintendent of public instruction by Sir Charles Bagot, and during the fifteen years that he held this office he aided in founding forty-five superior educational establishments, with funds from the departnent. He was afterward postmaster of Montreal till 1862. He was the principal founder of the College of L'Assomption, was a provincial registrar, and a few days before his death received from France the decoration of " Les pahnes academiques." In addition to lectures and editorial work he wrote: "Treatise on Chemistry," in French (Montreal, 1832); "English Grammar," written in French (1833); " Treatise on the Rules of Epistolary Art," in French (3d ed., 1852) and "McSmorial de l'education" (1860), MEIRELLES, Joaquiln Candido Soares de (mi-ray'-les), Brazilian physician, born in Santa Luzia do Sabara, November 5, 1777; died in Rio de Janeiro, 13 July, 1868. He made his preparatory studies in the Seminary of Sgo Jose in Rio de Janeiro, and in 1819 entered the medical and surgical college. In 1822 he graduated and entered the army as assistant surgeon, and was ordered to the cavalry regiment of Minas-Geraes. He rendered important services to his native province, organizing the military hospital at Ouro Preto, and treating the sick during the terrible epidemic which then raged in the province. In 1825 he went to Europe as a state pensioner, for the purpose of perfecting in France his medical studies. Returning to Brazil, he solicited and obtained in 1828 the charge of a ward in the hospital of the Santa Casa da Misericordia, where he gratuitously gave the benefit of his talents to those who needed them. On 24 April, 1830, he organized the Imperial academy of medicine, and is considered the founder of this establishment, of which he was for several years president. In 1840 he supported the proposition to declare the emperor of age, but in 1842, in consequence of political commotions, was banished to Europe. On his return he did not find a tribunal disposed to try him, and he was restored to his offices and honors. Dr. Neirelles had been honored with the title of councillor, and enjoyed the confidence of the emperor, being physician of the imperial household. In 1865, notwithstanding his advanced age, on the invasion of Rio Grande do Sul by the Paraguayans, he followed the emperor to Porto Alegre and the seat of war, participating in the capitulation of Uruguayana. He was an honorary member of many literary and scientific societies in Brazil and abroad.
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