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Jean Baptiste Ricord

RICORD, Jean Baptiste (ree-cor), physician, born in Paris, France, in 1777 ; died in the island of Guadeloupe, Wisconsin, in 1837. He was educated in France and in Italy, whither his father had fled during the French revolution, and subsequently accompanied the latter to this country, and settled in Baltimore, Maryland After graduation at the New York college of physicians and surgeons in 1810, he went to the West Indies to make researches in botany and natural history, and travelled and practised medicine extensively in the islands until he returned to New York. He was an accomplished scholar, musician, and painter, and a member of various learned societies in France and the United States. Many of his writings were signed "Madiana," the name of his homestead in France. In addition to contributions to scientific and other journals, Dr. Ricord published "An Improved French Grammar" (New York, 1812), and "Recherches et experiences sur les poissons d'Amerique," illustrated by his own pencil (Bordeaux, 1826). He left many manuscripts, which have not been published.--'His wife, Elizabeth, educator, born in New Utrecht, L. I., 2 April, 1788; died in Newark, New Jersey, 10 October, 1865, was the daughter of Reverend Peter Stryker. She was educated by private tutors, married Dr. Ricord in 1810, and accompanied him in his expeditions to the West Indies. In 1829 she opened a young ladies' seminary in Geneva, New York, of which she was principal until 1842. The great religious re-viral that spread through western New York in 1832 originated in her seminary. In 1845 she moved to Newark, where she became interested in works of charity, and was a founder of the Newark orphan asylum, and its directress until her death. She contributed largely to magazines and journals, was the author of " Philosophy of the Mind" (Geneva, 1840), and " Zamba, or the Insurrection, a Dramatic Poem" (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1842), and left several manuscripts.--Their son. Frederick William, author, born in Guadeloupe, Wisconsin, 7 October, 1819, was educated at Hobart and Rutgers, and studied law in Geneva, New York, but did not practise his profession. He taught for twelve years in Newark, New Jersey, was a member of the board of education of that city from 1852 till 1869, serving as president in 1867-'9. He was state superintendent of public schools of New Jersey in 1860-'3, sheriff of Essex county in 1865-'7, mayor of Newark in 1870-'3, and associate judge of the various county courts of Essex county in 1875-'9. He is now (1888) librarian of the New Jersey historical society. Judge Ricord received the degree of A. M. from Rutgers in 1845 and Princeton in 1861. He is one of the editors of the "New Jersey Archives," and has published a "History of Rome" (New York, 1852);" The Youth's Grammar" (1853); " Life of Madame de Longueville," from the French of Victor Cousin (1854); "The Henriade," from Voltaire (1859); " English Songs from Foreign Tongues" (1879) ; and " The Self-Tormentor, from the Latin of Terentius, with more English Songs" (1885). He has ready for publication " The Governors of New Jersey," which gives the history of the state from its settlement to the Revolution.-Jean Baptiste's brother, Alexander, physician, born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1798; died in Paris, France, 3 October, 1876, was educated in his native city, removed to France in order to study under Cuvier, and received his diploma as doctor in medicine in Paris in 1824. He was assistant surgeon in the French navy, and correspondent of the Academy of medicine, but devoted his life chiefly to natural history, received the decoration of the Legion of honor in 1845, and contributed largely to scientific journals. --Another brother of Jean Baptiste, Philippe, French surgeon, born in Baltimore, Maryland, 10 December, 1800. was the grandson of a distinguished physician of Marseilles, and the son of a once wealthy shipowner and member of the Compagnie des Indes, who came to the United States in 1790 in the hope of retrieving his fortunes. After pursuing a course of scientific studies with his brother, Jean B. Ricord, Philippe began the study of medicine in Philadelphia. In 1820 he visited Paris, taking with him a collection of animals and plants as a present to the National museum. In March, 1826, he received the degree of M. D., and began to practise at Olivet, near 0rleans, afterward removing to Crouy-sur-Ourcq. In 1828 he returned to Paris, and delivered a course of lectures on surgery, and in 1831 he was appointed surgeon-in-chief to the Hopital des veneriens du Midi. At this hospital, from which he retired on account of age in 1860, he gained a great reputation as a specialist. By a decree bearing date, 28 July, 1862, he was appointed physician in ordinary to Prince Napoleon, and on 26 October, 1869, he was named consulting surgeon to Napoleon III., whom he had assiduously attended during a recent illness, and who in return had presented him with a snuff-box and 20,000 francs. He was promoted commander of the Legion of honor, 12 August, 1860, and grand officer, 23 June, 1871, for services as president of the ambulance corps during the siege of Paris. He also received many foreign decorations. Besides writing the works mentioned below. Dr. Ricord devised and first performed many surgical operations, several of which have since been "crowned" by the Academy of sciences. Dr. Ricord, now (1888) in his eighty-eighth year, is still engaged in the practice of his profession, daily visiting his numerous patients, and during his office hours receiving the crowds that come to consult him. For many years he was known in Paris as "the great American doctor," and he still cherishes a warm affection for his native land. He has published " De l'emploi du speculum," treating of his invention of the "bivalvular speculum" (Paris, 1833); "De la blennorrhagie de la femme" (1834); " Emploi de l'onguent mercuriel dans le traitement de l'eresipele" (1836); "Monographie du chancre," being a thorough explanation of his system (1837)" "Thdorie sur la nature et le traite-ment de l'epididymite " (1838) ; "Traite des maladies veneriennes" (8 vols., 1838" new ed., 1863)" " De l'ophthalmie blennorrhagique" (1842) ; " Clinique iconographique de l'hopital des veneriens" (1842-'51); "De la syphilisation, etc." (1853) ; " Lettres sur la syphilis" (1854; 3(1 ed., 1857); and a great number of "Memoires,"" Observations," "Recherches," " Communications," etc., contributed principally to the "Memoires" and "Bulletins" of the Academy of medicine (1834-'50).

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