Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PRINCE, Jean Charles, Canadian R. C. bishop, born in St. Gregoire, Three Rivers, Quebec, 13 February, 1804" died in St. Hyacinthe, Quebec, 5 May, 1860. He was educated at Nicolet college, in the village of that name, and, while studying theology, taught in Nicolet college and afterward in the seminary at St. Hyacinthe. After his ordination as priest in 1826 he was director of the Grand seminaire of St. Jacques, at Montreal, until 1830, and of the College of St. Hyacinthe until 1840. The death of Monsignor Lartigue, first bishop of Montreal, having made a change in the bishopric necessary, he was called by Ignace Bourget, the second bishop, to assist in the administration of that diocese. Early in 1841 the chapter of , St. Jacques was established, and Abbe Prince was installed titulary canon of the cathedral of Montreal on 21 January The same year he issued the first number of "Melanges religieux," a periodical which at first only published the sermons of Monsignor de Forbin Janson, but subsequently comprised general religious intelligence. It was issued until 1852, when its offices and material were destroyed by fire. At this period the city of Kingsiton was without any religious institution connected with the Roman Catholic church. Bishop Gaulin, having no assistants save a few priests who were overburdened with work, asked the bishop of Montreal to send him several Sisters of Charity and a priest competent to take charge of them. M. Prince accordingly went to Kingston, established the Convent of the Sisters of the Congregation for the education of young girls, and prepared the way for the organization of the "Sceurs de l'Hotel-Dieu " for the care of the sick poor. On returning to Montreal he assisted in founding Providence House, and became its first director. He was also connected with the Convent of the Good Pastor and other institutions. He was appointed by Gregory XIV. coadjutor to the bishop of Montreal and bishop of Martyropolis, 5 July, 1844. The see of Montreal was at that time very large. Many new enterprises were calling for assistance, and bishop and coadjutor found all their energies taxed to the utmost. In 1851 Bishop Prince visited Rome on an ecclesiastical mission, and while he was there Plus IX., at the request of the delegates to the first council of Quebec, transferred him to the see of St. Hyacinthe, 8 June, 1852. He was the first bishop of that diocese. The old college that he had purchased and transformed into a cathedral and episcopal palace was burned, 17 May, 1854, but he undertook the immediate construction of a cathedral chapel, besides laying the foundations of a more elaborate ecclesiastical edifice, which has since been completed. During his residence at St. Hyacinthe, Bishop Prince organized twenty parishes, established several missions, and ordained thirty-one priests.
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