Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MASCARENE, Jean Paul, governor of Nova Scotia, born in Castras, Languedoc, France, in 1684; died in Boston, Massachusetts, 22 January, 1760. He was of a Huguenot family, and at sixteen years of age was expatriated, and went to Geneva, Switzerland, where he was educated. He subsequently removed to England, was naturalized in 1706, and entered the British army as a lieutenant. He came with his regiment to Nova Scotia in 1711, rose by degrees to colonel, lieutenant-governor, and commander-in-chief, was appointed councillor in 1720, and for many years was senior member of the board. About this date he transmitted to the plantation-office a complete description of the province, with suggestions for its settlement and defence. With the governors of Massachusetts and New Hampshire he negotiated the treaty of 1725 with the Indians. He was acting governor of Nova Scotia in 1740-'9, and in 1754 beat off the French under Du Vivier. He was commissioned major-general in 1758.
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