Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HOLMAN, Jesse Lynch, jurist, born in Danville, Kentucky, 24 October, 1784; died in Aurora, Indiana, 28 March, 1842. His father was killed by the Indians while defending a block-house in which he had sought shelter with his family. With limited opportunities of education the son displayed in early life an interest in literary pursuits, and before he reached his twenty-first year was the author of a novel entitled " Errors of Education," which he published in two volumes under the auspices of Henry Clay, in whose office he studied law. In 1808 he removed with his family to the territory of Indiana, and soon afterward was appointed judge of one of the two judicial circuits into which the territory was then divided. In 1813 he was a member of the territorial legislature, and in 1814 he was the president of the territorial council. On the admission of Indiana into the Union in 1816 he was appointed one of the judges of the supreme court of the state, and held the office fourteen years. In 1835 he was appointed by President Jackson United States district judge for Indiana, which office he held till his death. Judge Holman was identified with the early history of the Baptists of Indiana, and served as pastor of a church in Aurora from 1834 till his death. He was president of the Western Baptist publication and Sunday school society, and of the state conventions of the Baptist church from 1837 till his death. He took an active part in the establishment of Indiana college, now the university of the state, and was one of the founders of Franklin college, the chief Baptist institution of learning in Indiana. He left a large collection of manuscripts which have not yet been published.--His son, William Steele, congressman, born in Dearborn county, Indiana, 6 September, 1822, received a common school education, was in Franklin college, Indiana, for two years, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and began practice in Aurora, Indiana He was judge of probate from 1843 till 1846, prosecuting attorney in 1847-'9, a member of the State constitutional convention of 1850, and of the state legislature in 1851-'2. He was judge of the court of common pleas from 1852 till 1856, was then elected to congress as a Democrat, and has been nominated fourteen times, suffering only three defeats, in 1854, 1876, and 1878, and serving, with those exceptions, from 1859 to the present time (1887). He has been a, n uncompromising enemy of trickery, and has won the name of the "Great Objector" from his fearlessness in opposing doubtful measures and the schemes of lobbyists. He is thoroughly versed in the statutes, and takes cognizance of every important bill that is before the house.
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