Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ZENDER, Joachim Denis Laurent, physician, born in Paris, 22 November, 1805. He received his education in the College Louis-le-Orand, studied theology in the Seminary of St. Sulpice, and in 1827 joining the order of the Foreign missions, came to this country as a missionary in 1828. After teaching humanities in several Roman Catholic colleges in Missouri and Maryland, he left the church in 1832, studied medicine in New York, obtained his diploma in 1842, and in 1844 was ordained in the latter city as a Protestant minister of the Congregational church, and gathered a small French congregation. Later he devoted hint-self to scientific works, and also travelled through the country, conducting revivals. He published " Anthroponomy, or Magneto Physiognomico Craniology: A New System on the Magnetic Constitution of Man" (Philadelphia, 1843; revised ed., New York, 1850);"Abecedaire Francais-An-glais illustrd, suivi d'un vocabulaire pittoresque" (1853); and "Guide des Etats-Unis, pour les chenlins de fer, la navigation, les lois et les constitutions de l'Amerique du Nord" (1858). From 1848 till 1868 Mr. Zender edited yearly the "Almanach et Directoire des Frangais aux Etats-Unis," a French business directory for the United States, and he also published at intervals between 1845 and 1865 several large phrenological charts in Spanish, English, and French.
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