Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LIBRAMENTO, Joaquim Francisco do (lee-brah-men'-to), Brazilian philanthropist, born in Nossa Senhora do Desterro, 22 March, 1701; died in Marseilles, France, in 1829. He made good progress at school, and at the death of his father gave for charitable purposes all the property that he inherited, and entered a convent, where, instead of his family name of Costa, he took that of Libramento. He founded an asylum for the destitute by asking alms throughout the province, and afterward went to Lisbon, where Queen Maria granted the institution an income of 300 millreis. He returned in 1796, took charge of the asylum, and, after erecting the chapel "Do Menino Deus," went in 1800 to Bahia, where he built the "Seminario de Orphaos de San Joaquim," which was also granted an annual income by the queen. In 1809 Libramento visited the province of Sao Paulo, where he founded two seminaries amid great obstacles and persecutions. In 1820 he went to Rio de Janeiro, where, after many difficulties, the Seminary of Jacaucanga, for the education of the poor, was opened under his direction, and, though he was old and in feeble health, he gave lessons because the institution had no means to pay teachers. In 1826 he went to Lisbon and Rome on a charitable mission, but in the latter city his health failed, and he died on his way home.
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