Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RISING, Johan Claesson, colonial governor, born in Sweden about 1600. He was secretary of the College of commerce at Stockholm, and was sent over in 1654 to act as commissary and assistant governor in New Sweden, taking with him a company of emigrants in the "Omen," which arrived in Delaware bay on 18 Nay. He expelled the Dutch garrison from Fort Casimir, forced the Dutch settlers to take the oath of allegiance to Sweden, concluded a treaty of friendship with the Indians on 17 June, and denied to the English the privilege of buying lands in Swedish territory, at the same time inviting Swedes who had gone to Virginia to return to the Delaware. As soon as, Queen Christina knew of the departure of Governor Johan Printz (q. v.), she sent to Rising a commission as temporary governor, dated 28 February, 1654. In August, 1655, Governor Peter Stuyvesant, of New Amsterdam, conducted an expedition against the Swedish colony, recaptured the fort that he had erected on the west bank of the Delaware, invested the town of Christina, and demanded that the Swedes should evacuate the country, except such as were willing to accept Dutch rule. The director-general paid no attention to the proposal to have the territorial dispute settled by commissioners, and, on 15 September, Rising was compelled to yield to his ultimatum. The Dutch offered to permit the Swedes to retain possession of the lands higher up the river, but Rising and his counsellors were unwilling to compromise the claim of their sovereign to the whole of New Sweden. The governor and other officials, the soldiers, and such colonists as were unwilling to become Dutch subjects, were taken back to Europe. Rising presented a plan in 1656 for the reconquest of New Sweden, but the government was occupied with other projects, and contented itself with presenting a fruitless demand for indemnification to the states-general.
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