Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LEYDT, Johannes, clergyman, born in Holland in 1718; died in New Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1783. He emigrated to this country early in life with an elder brother, settling in Dutchess county, near Fishkill, N. V., and, after studying theology, was licensed in 1748, and he became pastor of the united churches of New Brunswick and Six Mile Run, New Jersey, which charges he held until his death. In the conflict between the Coetus and the Conferentie he was actively identified with the former party, which insisted upon the education of ministers in this country and upon an independent church organization separate from the Reformed church of the mother-country. During the Revolution he was a firm patriot, preaching boldly upon the questions of the time. arousing much enthusiasm and advising the young men to join the army of freedom. He was active in the founding of Queens (now Rutgers) college in 1770, and was one of its trustees. His publications are "True Liberty the Way to Peace" (Philadelphia, 1760) and "A Defence of True Liberty the Way to Peace" (1762). Several pamphlets on the church question mentioned above, with replies by Johannes Ritzema, and a letter of the synod of North Holland in 1765 condemning the Coetus, were collected in a volume, and are in the Sage library in New Brunswick. They have been translated by Reverend Maurice G. Hansen, of Coxsackie, and are now (1887) prepared for publication.
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