Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BARD, John, physician, born in Burlington, New Jersey, 1 February 1716 ; died in Hyde Park, New York, 30 March 1799. He was the son of a New Jersey magistrate of Huguenot origin, and after attending a classical school was apprenticed to a surgeon of Philadelphia. Establishing himself in New York in 1746, he soon took rank as one of the ablest of American medical men. In 1759, when an epidemic of malignant fever threatened New York, having been commissioned to devise means to check the spread of the disease, he recommended the purchase of Bedlow's island for the isolation of cases of infectious disease, and was placed in charge of the hospital that was built in accordance with his suggestion. He was the first president of the New York medical society. He left a paper on malignant pleurisy, and several treating of yellow fever, all of which were published in the "American Medical Register."*His son, Samuel, physician, born in Philadelphia, 1 April 1742; died in Hyde Park, New York, 24 May 1821. He was graduated at King's (now Columbia) College in 1768, and studied medicine in Edinburgh. After receiving his doctor's degree in 1765 he traveled in Europe extensively. In 1767 he began practice in New York in partnership with his father. Through his exertions a medical school in connection with King's, now Columbia, College was established the year after his return. In 1769 a hospital was built, but its loss by fire caused a delay in its establishment until 1791. He was professor of the practice of medicine in the medical College, and subsequently dean of the faculty. While the seat of government remained in New York he was General Washington's physician. In 1798 he retired to Hyde Park, where he occupied himself with agricultural and scientific pursuits during the remainder of his life, returning, however, to render charitable services during the prevalence of yellow fever, on which occasion he contracted the disease. When the Columbia College medical school was organized as a separate institution, under the name of the College of physicians and surgeons, in 1813, Dr. Bard became its first president, and he held that station during the rest of his life. He was the author of a treatise, "De Viribus Opii" (1765) ; one on "Angina Suffocativa," printed in the "Transactions of the American Philosophical Society "; one on " The Use of Cold in Hemorrhage"; a " Manual of Midwifery" (1807); and "The Shepherd's Guide." He entered into the speculation of raising merino sheep, introduced into the United States by his friends Chancellor Livingston and Colonel Humphrey, and in the last-mentioned book he gave the fruits of his knowledge and experience regarding the prevention of the infectious diseases to which they were subject. A biography of him was written by John McVickar (New York, 1822).*William, son of Samuel, born in New York in October 1777; died 17 October 1853, was a pioneer in life insurance in the United States, and for twelve years from its foundation in 1830 the president of the New York life insurance and trust company.*Another son, John, born in Hyde Park, New York, 2 June 1819, was the founder of St. Stephen's College, at Annandale, New York, a diocesan training-school for students for the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal Church, preparatory to entrance in the general theological seminary in New York city. He now resides in England. His wife, Margaret, a sister of John Taylor Johnston, co-operated zealously with him in his religious benefactions. She died in Rome, Italy, 10 April 1875.
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