Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MARCHAND, John Bonnett, naval officer, born in Greensborough, Pennsylvania, 27 August, 1808; died in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 13 April, 1875. He entered the United States navy in 1828 as midshipman, and was promoted lieutenant in 1840, commander in 1855, captain in 1862, and commodore in 1866. He commanded the steamer "Van Buren" in the operations against the Seminole Indians in 1841-'2, participated in the bombardment of Vera Cruz and the capture of Tuspan in 1847, and had charge of the steamer " Memphis" in the Paraguay expedition of 1859-'60. During the civil war he commanded the steamer "James Adger'" in the South Atlantic blockading squadron in 1862, participated in the capture of Fernandini, and was slightly wounded while reconnoitring in Stone river in March of that year. He had charge of the sloop "Lackawanna," of the Eastern Gulf squadron, in 1863-'4, and participated in the battle of Mobile Bay, 5 August, 1864, during which he twice rammed the iron-clad "Tennessee." in August, 1870, he was retired from active service.
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