Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BRADSTREET, John, soldier, born in Horbling, England, in 1711; died in New York City, 25 September, 1774. When a young officer he was sent to join the British forces in America, where he remained for the rest of his life. In 1745 he served with the expedition against Louisburg as lieutenant colonel of Pepperell's (York, Maine) regiment, and contributed largely to its success by his zeal, activity, and judgment, and by his particular knowledge of the circumstances of the place. On 5 September, 1745, he was made a captain, and on 16 September, 1746, was appointed to the lieutenant governorship of St. John's, Newfoundland, a sinecure. In 1755 he was ordered by General Braddock to Oswego, and became the adjutant-general to Governor Shirley. During the following summer he conveyed from Albany a great quantity of stores, with six months' provisions, to Oswego. and on his return from the fort was attacked by a strong party of French, whom he defeated. In March, 1757, he was appointed to a company in the 60th regiment royal American, and in December was made lieutenant colonel and deputy quartermaster-general. He participated in the attack on Ticonderoga in 1758, after which he was made full quartermaster-general with the rank of colonel. On 27 August, 1758, he captured Fort Frontenac, which he razed to the ground, and destroyed such stores as could not be removed. He served under Amherst in his expedition against Ticonderoga and Crown Point in 1759, received his colonelcy in February, 1762, and was advanced to the rank of major general on 25 May, 1772. During Pontiac's war he commanded an expedition against the western Indians, with whom he negotiated a treaty of peace in Detroit, 7 September, 1764.
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