Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CAMPBELL, John, British soldier, born in Stra-chur, Scotland; died early in 1806. He entered the army in June, 1745, as lieutenant of Loudon's Highlanders, served through the Scotch rebellion, and made the campaign in Flanders in 1747. He was made captain, 1 October, 1747, appointed to the 42d Highlanders, 9 April, 1756, and wounded in the attack on Ticonderoga in 1758. He became major of the 17th foot, 11 July, 1759, lieutenant colonel in the army, 1 February, 1762, and commanded this regiment in the expeditions against Martinico and Havana. He became lieutenant colonel of the 37th foot, 1 May, 1773, and returned to America in 1776 with his regiment at the outset of the revolution; was appointed major general, 19 February, 1779; colonel of his regiment, 2 November, 1780; and commanded the British forces in west Florida, where, after a gallant defense, he was obliged to surrender Pensacola to the Spaniards, 10 May, 1781. He became lieutenant-general, 28 September, 1787, and general in the army, 26 January, 1797.
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