Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RUDD, John Churchill, clergyman, born in Nor-with, Connecticut, 24 May, 1779; died in Utica, New York, 15 November, 1848. He was prepared to enter Yale, but adverse circumstances prevented. He made his way to New York city soon afterward, where he became acquainted with Dr. (afterward Bishop) Hobart, and was baptized and confirmed in the Episcopal church. He studied for the ministry, chiefly under Dr. Hobart's direction, and was ordained deacon, 28 April, 1805, by Bishop Benjamin Moore, and priest, in April, 1806, by the same bishop. For a short time he was occupied in missionary duty on Long Island, New York, but in December, 1805, he took charge of St. John's parish, Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and in May, 1806, was instituted as rector. He received the degree of D. D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1822. Severe and exhaustive labor in striving to build up the church in Elizabethtown resulted in a loss of health and strength, and Dr. Rudd was compelled to resign his charge in 1826. In July of the same year he removed to Auburn. New York, and took general oversight of the academy there. His health having improved, he accepted the rectorship of St. Peter's church in Auburn, and held that post for seven years, during" which a stone church was erected on the spot where the previous edifice had been burned. Under Bishop Hobart's advice, Dr. Rudd, in 1827, began the publication of " The Gospel Messenger," a religious weekly, representing the doctrines and advocating the principles of the Protestant Episcopal church. He continued to be its editor during the rest of his life. Besides his contributions to church literature in the columns of the "Messenger," Dr. Rudd published a large number of sermons that he preached on special occasions between 1822 and 1837, together with addresses. Among these are a "Tribute to Departed Excellence," an address on the life and character of Bishop Hobart (1830), and a "Sermon on the Reopening of St. Peter's Church, Auburn, with a Brief Sketch of the History of the Congregation from its Organization" (1833). Dr. Rudd also edited "The Churchman's Magazine" several years previous to 1812, but the second war with England led to its discontinuance.
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