Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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YOUNG, John Clarke, educator, born in Greencastle, Pennsylvania, 12 August, 1803; died in Danville, Kentucky, 23 June, 1857. He was the son of an eminent clergyman of the Associate Reformed church, studied at Columbia for three years, then went to Dickinson college, where he was graduated in 1823, spent two years at Princeton seminary, and, while acting as a, tutor in Princeton college during the next two years, was licensed to preach by the New York presbytery on 7 March, 1827. He was installed as pastor of a Presbyterian church in Louisville, Kentucky, in 1828, and two years later was chosen president of Centre college, which office he filled until his death, officiating also after 1834 as pastor o£ a Presbyterian church in Danville. In a controversy with the Reverend Samuel Crothers and William Steele he upheld the views of the Kentucky emancipationists and deprecated the aims of the Abolitionists, he received the degree of D. D. from Princeton in 1839, and in 1853 was moderator of the general assembly. His first wife was a sister of the Reverend Robert J. Breckinridge and his second a daughter of John J. Crittenden. His publications include a "Speech before the Kentucky Colonization Society" (1832), and an "Address to the Presbyterians of Kentucky, proposing a Plan for the Instruction and Emancipation of their Slaves," which he prepared in 1834 for the committee of the Kentucky synod that had passed resolutions in favor of gradual emancipation. Of the address 100,000 copies were circulated. It elicited the strictures of the Ohio Abolitionists, to whom Dr. Young replied in a letter entitled "The Doctrine of Immediate Emancipation Unsound," which first appeared in the newspapers in 1835.
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