Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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DOUGHTY, John, soldier, born in New Jersey about 1746; died after 1802. He acted as commander of the American army by seniority of rank or by the appointment of General Washington, from June, 1784, till September, 1789. There was no United States , army during that period, except two companies of artillery, the Continental army having been disbanded and the new army not formed. He became major of an artillery company in 1789, lieutenant-colonel of artillery and engineers in June, 1798, and on 26 May, 1800, he resigned. Colonel Doughty, in 1785, built Fort Harmar, at the junction of the Muskingum with the Ohio river (the site of Marletta), which was the first post of the kind within the bounds of Ohio. In 1790 he built Fort Washington, consisting of hewn-log cabins with connecting palisades, where now stands the city of Cincinnati. It was between the present Third and Fourth streets, and is represented in the illustration.
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