Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PHILBRICK, John Dudley, educator, born in Deerfield, New Hampshire, 27 }Clay, 1818; died in Danvers, Massachusetts, 2 February, 1886. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1842, began to teach in Roxbury Latin-school, and two years later went to the English and original methods of instruction. In 1847 he was asked to form a school on his own plans, and the result was the Quincy grammar-school, which became the basis of a new system in Boston. Professor Philbrick became principal of the Connecticut normal school in 1852, state superintendent of schools in 1853, and from 1857 till his resignation in 1874, and again in 1876-'8, was superintendent of schools in Boston. He was a member of many educational bodies, presided over the Massachusetts and Connecticut teachers' association, the American institute of instruction, and the National education association, and was for ten years a member of the Massachusetts board of education. He was commissioner from Massachusetts to the international educational exhibitions at Vienna in 1873, Philadelphia in 1876, and Paris in 1878, and in the last year was made a chevalier of the Legion of honor. He received the degree of LL.D. from Bates college in 1872 and that of D. C. L. from the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, in 1879. Professor Philbrick edited the "Connecticut Common-School Journal" in 18.54-'6, and the "Massachusetts Teacher," was a popular lecturer, and contributed largely on educational subjects to periodicals. Among his published lectures are a series on "School Government" (1848) and one on "Characteristics of the True Teacher" (1850), both delivered before the American institute of instruction, and he was also the author of several text-books.
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