Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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EMORY, John, M. E. bishop, born in Queen Anne County, Maryland, 11 April 1789; died in Reisterstown, Maryland, 17 December 1835. He was educated under tutors at Easton and Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and in Washington College, Maryland He began to study law in 1805, and was admitted to the bar in 1808, but, his attention was turned to the pulpit., and he entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1810. He "became well known, and his services were much in demand throughout the middle states. He was chosen to the general conference of 1816, and to each succeeding conference with a single exception till 1832, when he was elected and ordained bishop. He was sent as a delegate to the British Wesleyan conference in 1820, and in 1824 was appointed book agent and editor for his denomination at New York. His Episcopal appointment did not take him away from the book concern, and during his management he was successful in paying all its debts and putting it on a solid and satisfactory foundation.
He was active in promoting the improvement of the literature of his Church. He founded the "Methodist Quarterly Review", and nearly all the original articles in the first two volumes are from his pen. His services and experience were made available in the founding of the University of New York and Wesleyan University, and he was one of the principal organizers of Dickinson College. In his day he was an able debater, and in 1817, in a pamphlet controversy, he used literary weapons, not unsuccessfully, with Bishop White, of Pennsylvania. In the controversy of 1828 he was the chief defender of the existing Church government. He was of a logical turn of mind, and had command of a pure, clear, and vigorous style. After his election to the episcopacy he was largely influential in giving to the Church code known as the Methodist discipline its present form. He met his death by being thrown from his carriage. He left several works, including " [['he Divinity of Christ Vindicated," and "Defense of Our Fathers," in which he upholds Wesley's policy.
His son, Robert Emory, educator, born in Philadelphia, 29 July 1814; died in Baltimore, Maryland, 18 May 1848, was graduated at Columbia in 1831, and studied law. He was appointed professor of ancient languages in Dickinson College in 1834, but resigned in 1839, and entered the Baltimore annual conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1842 he was recalled to Dickinson College and made president pro tempore, and after the death of Dr. Durbin was elected president, holding the office for the rest of his life. Columbia gave him the degree of D. D. in 1846. He published a" Life of Bishop Emory," with a collection of his writings (New York, 1841), and "History of the Discipline of the Methodist Episcopal Church" (1843); and left behind him an unfinished " Analysis of Butler's Analogy," which was afterward completed and published by Dr. Crooks (1850).
Bishop Emory's first cousin, William Hemsley, soldier, born in Queen Anne County, Maryland, 9 September 1811; died in Washington, D.C., 1 December, 1887, was graduated at the U. S. military academy in 1831, and appointed lieutenant of artillery. He was chiefly at seaports in 1831'6, and was in Charleston harbor during the nullification trouble in South Carolina. He was in the Creek nation in 1836'8, was appointed 1st lieutenant of topographical engineers in the latter year, and employed successively on the improvements of Delaware River, and on the northeast boundary survey. He went with General Stephen W. Kearny to California in 1846, and was on his staff during the Mexican war, when he was successively made captain and brevet major. He was on the Mexican and Californian border in 1848'53, and in those years was commissioner and astronomer to run the boundary between Mexico and the United States, especially under the Gadsden treaty of 1853. He was in Kansas in 1854, in Utah in 1858, and remained on border duty till 9 May 1861, when he resigned.
He was reappointed as lieutenant colonel of the 6th cavalry on 14 May and he took part in the peninsular campaign, being engaged at Yorktown, Williamsburg, and Hanover Court House. He was made brigadier general of volunteers, 17 March 1862, commanded a division under Banks in Louisiana in 1863, and, having been raised to the command of the 19th corps, was with the same commander in 1864 in the Red River expedition, in which he displayed unwonted bravery and skill, winning distinction especially at Sabine Crossroads, at Pleasant Hill, and at Cane River. Later in the same year, at the head of the 19th corps, he offered a splendid and successful resistance to Early in the Shenandoah valley, especially at Opequan Creek, 19 September at Fisher's Hill, 22 September and at Cedar Creek in October. He received the successive brevets of major general of volunteers, 23 July 1864, and brigadier general and major general in the regular army, 13 March 1865, and on 25 September 1865, was commissioned full major general of volunteers. After the war he was successively in command of the Department of West Virginia in 1865'6, of the Department of Washington in 1869'71, and of the Department of the Gulf in 1871'5. He retired in 1876 with the rank of brigadier general. General Emory has published "Notes of a Military Reconnaissance in Missouri and California" (New York, 1848); and "Report of the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission" (Washington).
His son, William Hemsley Emory, naval officer, was graduated at the U. S. naval academy in 1866, became master in 1869, and lieutenant in 1870, and in 1884 commanded the "Bear," of the Greely relief expedition.
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