Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GAILLARD, John, senator, born in St. Stephen's district, South Carolina, 5 September, 1765 ; died in Washington, D. C., 26 February, 1826. He was of Huguenot descent. He was elected to the United States senate in place of Pierce Butler, resigned, and served from 31 January 1805, until his death. He voted for the war of 1812, and was chosen, on account of the death of two vice-presidents, Clinton and Gerry, during his term, to preside over the senate pro lempore in every congress from the 11th to the 18th, inclusive. He thus filled the president's chair for fourteen years. Thomas H. Benton, in his " Thirty Years' View," says: " Urbane in his manners, amiable in temper, scrupulously impartial, uniting absolute firmness of purpose with the greatest gentleness of manners--such were the qualifications which commended him to the presidency of the senate. There was probably not an instance of disorder or a disagreeable scene in the chamber during his long-continued presidency. He classed democratically, but was as much the favorite of one side of the house as of the other, and that in the high party times of the war with Great Britain, which so much exasperated party spirit."
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