Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell Lorne
LORNE, John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquis of, governor-general of Canada, born in Stafford House, London, England, 6 August, 1845. He is the eldest son of the eighth Duke of Argyll and Lady Elizabeth Georgiana Sutherland Levison-Gower, eldest daughter of the second Duke of Sutherland. He was educated at Eton, the University of St. Andrews, and Trinity college, Cambridge. In 1866 he travelled in the West Indies, the United States, and Canada, the same year was appointed captain of the London Scottish volunteers, and in 1868 commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the Argyll and Bute volunteer artillery brigade. In February, 1868, he was elected a member of parliament for Argyllshire in the Liberal interest, and in December of that year he became private secretary to his father at the India office. He was re-elected by acclamation in two subsequent general elections, 1869 and 1874. On 21 March, 1871, he married Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria, born 1848. The marriage took place at St. GeorgG's chapel, Windsor, and on that occasion the marquis was created a knight of the thistle. On 14 October, 1878, he was appointed governor-general of Canada, in succession to Lord Dufferin, and soon afterward he was created knight of the grand cross of St. Michael and St. George. Accompanied by the Princess Louise, he went to Canada in November, 1878, where they received an enthusiastic welcome, and during the summer of 1879 they visited the principal cities. The chief political incident of his term of office was his refusal to dismiss the lieutenant-governor of Quebec, Luc Letellier de Saint Just, from office, at the request of the administration, referring the question instead to the home government, which ordered him to take the advice of his ministers. The marquis and marchioness were popular with all classes of people, and among the French Canadians they were probably more highly esteemed than any of their predecessors. His term of office expired in 1883. At the general election in 1885 the Marquis of Lorne contested Hampstead as a Liberal, but was defeated by a large majority. He has written for the magazines, and is the author of " A Trip to the Tropics and Home through America" (London, 1867) ; "Guido and Lira" a Tale of the Riviera," a poem (1875)" and "The Psalms literally rendered in Verse" (1877). The Marchioness has gained some repute as an artist and musician. The illustrations in her husband's poem, "Guido and Lita," are by her hand.
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