Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GIBSON, John, soldier, born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 23 May, 1740 ; died at Braddock's field, near Pitts-burg, 10 April, 1822. He received a classical education, and in 1757 joined the expedition against the Indians in which Fort Duquesne was captured. He settled at Fort Pitt as a trader, was taker prisoner, and rescued from the stake by a squaw that adopted him. He married the sister of Logan, an Indian chief, and became familiar with the Indian manners, language, and customs. At the close of hostilities, Gibson again settled at Fort Pitt, and in 1774 acted a conspicuous part in Lord Dunmore's expedition against the Shawnee towns. In the treaty theft followed the battle of Point Pleasant, he negotiated between Logan, the Shawnee chief, and Lord Dunmore, and through his mediation many captive Indians were set at liberty. At the beginning of the Revolution he was appointed to command a regiment, served with the army in New York and in the Jersey retreat, and commanded the western military department from 1781 until peace was established. "In 1788 he was a member of the Pennsylvania convention, subsequently was associate judge of the court of common pleas of Allegheny County, and major general of militia. President Jefferson appointed him in 1801 secretary of the territory of Indiana, and he held this office until Indiana became a state, when he was acting governor from 1811 till 1813.--His brother, George, soldier, born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 10 October, 1747; died in Fort Jefferson, Ohio, 14 December 1791, received an academic education, entered a mercantile house in Philadelphia, and made several voyages as supercargo to the West Indies. When the Revolution began, he raised a company of one hundred men, and was appointed captain of a state regiment. His soldiers were distinguished for good conduct and bravery, and were known in the army as "Gibson's Lambs." In order to obtain a supply of gunpowder, he descended the Mississippi River with twenty-five picked men, and after a hazardous journey succeeded in accomplishing his mission. On his return he was appointed to the command of a Virginia regiment, joined General Washington before the evacuation of New York, and was engaged in all the principal battles of the campaign of 1778. He retired to his farm in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, after the war, and was County lieutenant until 1791, when he took command of a regiment in the St. Clair expedition against the Ohio Indians. At the battle of Miami, 4 November, 1791, he received a mortal wound.--His son, George, soldier, born in Pennsylvania in 1783; died in Washington, D. C., 29 September, 1861, entered the army from civil life, and was appointed captain of infantry, 3 Nay, 1808: was promoted major in 1811, and served throughout the war of 1812, as lieutenant colonel of the 5th infantry. In 1816 he was appointed quartermaster-general, served with General Andrew Jackson during the Florida campaign, was promoted commissary-general in 1818, and in 1826 brevetted brigadier-general for faithful service. He served throughout the Mexican war, and was brevetted major general, 10 May, 1848, for meritorious conduct. General Gibson was at the head of the commissary department more than fifty years. --His brother, John Bannister, jurist, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 8 November, 1780; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 3 May, 1853, was graduated at Dickinson College in 1800, studied law, was admitted to the bar of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, in 1803, and practiced in the counties of Carlisle and Beaver, and in Hagerstown, Maryland. In 1810-'1 he represented Carlisle in the state legislature, and in 1813 was appointed judge of the 11th district of Pennsylvania. In 1816 he was promoted to the Supreme Court, and in 1827 became chief justice of Pennsylvania. By a change in the constitution in 1851, an amendment made the judiciary elective, and he was returned by a large majority to the supreme bench, where he remained until his death. Chief-Justice Gibson was eminent as a Shakespearian authority, and relieved the tedium of his professional studies by readings from his favorite dramas.
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