Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MORRIS, John Gottlieb, clergyman, born in York, Pennsylvania, 14 November, 1803. He was graduated at Dickinson college in 1823, studied theology at Princeton theological seminary in 1823-'6, and at Gettysburg seminary in 1827, being a member of the first class in the latter institution, and was licensed to preach in 1827. He received the degree of D. D. in 1839, and that of LL.D. in 1873, both from Pennsylvania college, Gettysburg. Dr. Morris was the founder of Trinity English Lutheran church, Baltimore, Maryland, and its pastor in ]827-'60, librarian of Peabody institute, Baltimore, in 1860-'5, pastor of the 3d English Lutheran church, Baltimore, in 1864-'73, and since 1874 of a congregation at Lutherville, Maryland He has been lecturer on natural history in Pennsylvania college, Gettysburg, since 1834, on pulpit; eloquence and the relation of science and revelation in the theological seminary there since 1874, and has delivered lectures in Smithsonian institution, Washington, D. C. He was secretary of the general synod in 1839, president of the same body in 1843 and 1883, and president of the first Lutheran church diet in Philadelphia in 1877. He has been a trustee of Pennsylvania college and director of the theological seminary at Gettysburg for many years. With his brother he founded Lutherville ladies' seminary. In science he has devoted himself specially to entomology and microscopy. He has been elected to membership in many scientific societies in this country and abroad, and has been chairman of the entomological section of the American association for the advancement of science, he is president of the Maryland Bible society and the Maryland historical society. During the year 1846 he travelled extensively in Europe, and in the same year he aided in establishing the Evangelical alliance at London. He founded the "Lutheran Observer" in 1831, was its editor until 1833, and since then has been one of its contributors. He is the leader of the conservative party in the general synod, and its ablest representative. Besides many translations of works, addresses, review and magazine articles, tracts, and scientific papers, he has published " Catechumen's and Communicant's Companion" (Baltimore, 1831) ; "Henry and Antonio of Brettschneider, translated from the German (Philadelphia, 1831 ; altered ed., entitled "To Rome and Back Again," 1853): "Catechetical Exercises on Luther's Catechism," altered from the German (Baltimore, 1832) ; Von Leonard's " Lectures on Geology," translated from the German (1839) ; "Popular Exposition of the Gospels" (2 vols., 1840); "Life of John Arndt" (1853) ; "Life of Martin Behaim, the German Cosmographer" (1856) ; " Life of Catherine de Bora" (1856) ; " :['he Blind Girl of Wittenberg" (Philadelphia, 1856) ; "Quaint. Sayings and Doings concerning Luther" (1859); "Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of North America " (1860) ; "Synopsis of the Diurnal Lepidoptera of the United States" (Washington, 1862) ; "The Lords Baltimore "(Baltimore, 1874); "Bibliotheca Luther-aria" (Philadelphia, 1876) ; "Fifty Years in the Lutheran Ministry" (1878); " A Day in Capernauru." translated from Franz Delitzsch (1879); " The Diet of Augsburg" (1879) ; "Augsburg Confession and the Thirty-nine Articles" (1879) ; "Journeys of Luther" (1880) ; "Luther at Wart-burg and Coburg" (r882) ; "Life of Luther," translated from Kostlin (1883) ; "Lutheran Doctrine of the Lord's Supper" (1884); and "Memoirs of the Stork Family" (1886).
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