Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LANORAM, John James, soldier, born in Warsaw, Kentucky, 16 November, 1826. He obtained an English education, and at nineteen years of age enlisted in the 1st Kentucky cavalry, under Colonel Humphrey Marshall, and led his company in the battle of Buena Vista. He was elected to the legislature in 1851, and was afterward circuit, clerk until 1858, being master-commissioner at the same time. He was then graduated at the law school in Louisville, and settled in Warsaw, Kentucky, where he has since practised his profession. At the opening of the civil war he aided in recruiting and organizing for the National government the 18th Kentucky regiment, of which he became lieutenant-colonel. He was afterward transferred to the command of the post at Cynthiana, Kentucky, where large army supplies were stored. The garrison of several hundred home-guards and recruits, and a squadron of artillery, was attacked by General John H. Morgan's cavalry, 23 July, 1862, and after a desperate struggle, with severe losses on both sides, was compelled to surrender. Colonel Landram escaped, with a slight wound, to Paris, where, on the next day, he rallied and united several detachments of National troops, and harassed Morgan on his retirement from Kentucky. On 30 August, 1862, he led his regiment in the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, where several horses were shot under him, and he received a serious wound in the head, which partially blinded him for life and compelled him to retire from the service. He had been recommended for promotion to the rank of brigadier-general. Colonel Landram was elected to the state senate in 1863, and served as chairman of the committee on military affairs through the remainder of the war. He was defeated as a Republican candidate for congress in 1876 and 1884, and was a delegate to the Republican national convention in the former year.
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