Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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JENKINS, John, pioneer, born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island, 15 February, 1728; died in Pennsylvania in November, 1784. He was an original proprietor of the Susquehanna company, visited the Wyoming valley in 1753, attended the purchase of the Indian title in 1754, surveyed it in 1755, brought on settlers in 1762-'3, was driven off on 15 October, 1763, returned 1 February, 1769, and settled in Kingston, but sold out and removed in 1772 to Exeter, of which town he was one of the grantees. He called a meeting of the settlers, 1 August, 1775, over which he presided, whereat they resolved "that they will unanimously join their brethren in America in the common cause of defending their liberty." He was an active participant in the Pennamite war at Wyoming, and the scribe and counsellor of the settlers. Driven out by the Pennamites in May, 1784, in a cold rain, he took a severe cold. which, joining with the rheumatism and settling in a wound in his knee that he had received from a ball at the taking of Louisburg in 1745, resulted in his death in November, 1784. He was a teacher, surveyor, and conveyancer, justice of the peace, and president-judge of the first county court at Wyoming in 1777.--His son, John, born in New London, Connecticut, 27 November, 1751; died in Wyoming, Pennsylvania, 19 March, 1827, was a surveyor and conveyancer, teacher, constable, agent of the Susquehanna company at Wyoming, and afterward a merchant, ironmonger, and farmer. He came to Wyoming with his father in 1769, and became an active participant in the Pennamite war and the Revolution, in which he was a lieutenant. With Washington he planned the western expedition that was commanded by Sullivan, and was the guide of the march. He had learned the route while a prisoner in the hands of the Indians, and was at the surrender of Cornwallis. He was in command of Forty Fort at the time of the massacre of Wyoming. In the Pennamite war he was an active leader, and gained repeated triumphs over General Armstrong and Colonel Pickering. He was subsequently elected major and colonel of militia, sheriff, and member of assembly.
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