Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PRINGLE, John Julius, lawyer, born in Charleston, South Carolina, 22 July, 1753; died there, 17 March, 1843. His father, Robert (1702-'76), came from Scotland to South Carolina about 1730, became a merchant in Charleston, and in 1760-'9 was a justice of the court of common pleas. The son was graduated at the College of Philadelphia in 1771, and read law with John Rutledge and in England, where his published articles in defence of colonial rights attracted attention. At the beginning, of the American Revolution he went to France, and in 1778 he became secretary to Ralph Izard, United States commissioner in Tuscany. Returning home by way of Holland and the West Indies, he was admitted to the bar in 1781, and attained high rank in his profession. In 1787-'9 he was speaker of the state assembly, and in the latter year he served for a short time as United States district attorney, by special request of Gem Washington. In 1800 Thomas Jefferson, then secretary of state, appointed him to report on any infractions of the treaty with Great Britain that might occur in his state, and from 1792 till 1808 he served as attorney-general of South Carolina. In 1805 President Jefferson tendered him the attorney-generalship of the United States, but family reasons induced him to decline. Mr. Pringle was for four years president of the trustees of the College of Charleston.
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