Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KEANE, John, Baron, British soldier, born in Belmont, Ireland, in 1781; died in Burton Lodge, Hampshire, England, 24 August, 1844. He entered the army as ensign in 1792, served in Egypt as aide-de-camp to Lord Cavin, and took part in the campaign of Martinique and the siege of Fort Desaix. He became lieutenant-colonel of the 60th foot in 1812, and commanded a brigade in the peninsular war. In 1814 he became major-general, and was appointed to command the military force destined to co-operate with Admiral Cochrane in the attack on New Orleans, but was superseded by Sir Edward Pakenham as general-in-chief, under whom he served, having command of the 3d brigade. In the assault on the American lines on 8 January, 1815, he received two severe wounds. He was afterward commander-in-chief of the West Indian army, and during a part of that period administered the civil government of Jamaica. He served at Bombay, India, in 1833-'9, and then was intrusted with the operations in Afghanistan, of which the capture of Ghuznee in Cabool was his greatest achievement. For this service he was raised to the peerage as Baron Keane in December, l839, also receiving from the East India company a pension of £2,000.
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