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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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John Lovell

LOVELL, John, educator, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 16 June, 1710; died in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1778. He was graduated at Harvard in 1728, succeeded Jeremy Gridley as assistant master of the Boston Latin-school in the following year, and from the death of Dr. Nathaniel Williams in 1738 till the Revolution was its head master. In 1743 he delivered the first address in Faneuil hall, on the occasion of the death of its founder. He was a good scholar and, though a stern disciplinarian, a genial and witty companion. Master Lovell taught the men in Boston that were leaders in the struggle for independence, yet he adhered to the loyalist cause, and went with the British troops to Halifax on 14 March, 1776. His portrait, by John Smibert, hangs in the Harvard gallery of paintings. Besides his funeral oration on Peter Faneuil, he published several political and theological pamphlets, and contributed articles in English and Latin to the "Pietas et Gratulatio" (Cambridge, 1761).--His son, James, patriot, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 31 October, 1737 ; died in Windham, Maine, 14 July, 1814, was graduated at Harvard in 1756, and was his father's assistant in the South grammar-or Latin-school till it was dispersed on 19 April, 1775, on account of the siege. He was also master of the North grammar-school, afterward called the Eliot school. He delivered, 2 April, 1771, the first anniversary oration on the Boston massacre. In the Revolution he took the side of the Whigs, and was imprisoned after the battle of Bunker Hill, carried to Halifax with the British army, and kept in close confinement, while his father was there as a Tory refugee, until, in November, 1776, he was exchanged for Colonel Philip Skene. On his return to Boston he was elected a member of the Continental congress, and served from December, 1776, till 1782. During the quarrel between General Horatio Gates and General Philip Schuyler, early in 1777, Lovell was a correspondent and confidant of the former, and the recipient of his plan of campaign. He encouraged Gates in dealing directly with congress, over the head of General Washington, and was one of the malcontents that sought to make Gates commander-in-chief, threatening Washington, in a letter dated 11 October, 1777, with a "torrent of public clamor and vengeance," and in another describing him as a general that collected men to wear out shoes and breeches, and that had "Fabi-used matters into a very disagreeable posture." Lovell was a diligent member of the committee on foreign correspondence. Some of his letters were printed in Richard H. Lee's life of his brother Arthur. He was receiver of taxes at Boston from 1784 till 1788, then collector of the port till 1790, and after that naval officer till his death. He published several tracts, and a Latin oration on the death of Henry Flint (1760).--James's son, James, soldier, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 9 July, 1758; died in St. Matthews, South Carolina, 10 July, 1850, was graduated at Harvard in 1776. He joined the Revolutionary army as adjutant of Henry Jackson's Massachusetts regiment in the beginning of 1777, fought in many battles, and was severely wounded. In 1779-'82 he served as adjutant of General Henry Lee's southern legion, with the rank of major.--The second James's son, Joseph, physician, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 22 December, 1788; died in Washington, D. C., 17 October, 1836, was graduated at Harvard in 1807, studied medicine, and on 15 May, 1812, was appointed surgeon of the 9th United States infantry. He served on the Niagara frontier, and on 30 June, 1814, was appointed a hospital surgeon there. On 18 April, 1818, he became surgeon-general of the United States army.--Joseph's son, Mansfield, soldier, born in Washington, D.C., 20 October, 1822; died in New York city, 1 June, 1884, was graduated at the United States military academy in 1842, appointed a lieutenant of artillery, and served in the occupation of Texas in 1845-'6, and in the war with Mexico was aide to General John A. Quitman and assistant adjutant-general of his division, being promoted 1st lieutenant on 16 February, 1847. He was wounded at Monterey, brevetted captain for bravery at Chapultepee, and severely wounded at the Belen Gate. After the war he served on the Kansas frontier for two years. On 18 December, 1854, he and his classmate, Gustavus A. Smith, resigned in order to take high commands in General Quitman's projected Cuban expedition. After the failure of the project they found employment in connection with Cooper and Hewitt's iron-works at Trenton, New Jersey In April, 1858, Lovell was appointed superintendent of street improvements in New York city, and in November of that year deputy street-commissioner under his friend Smith. At the beginning of the civil war he went to the south with General Smith, was commissioned as a brigadier-general in the Confederate service, and on 9 October, 1861, was made a major-general and placed in command at New Orleans, relieving General David E. Twiggs. When the forts were captured by the National forces he withdrew his troops, and, on the complaint of the mayor that he had left the citizens without military protection, explained that it was for the purpose of saving the town from a bombardment, offering to return if the citizens desired to continue the defence. After the surrender of New Orleans to Farragut, 26 April, 1862, he joined General Beauregard in northern Mississippi, and commanded one of the divisions that were routed by General William S. Rosecrans at Corinth, 4 October. 1862. At the battle of Hatchie his division constituted the rear-guard of the retreating army. He commanded the Confederate forces at the battle of Coffeeville. When General Leonidas Polk was killed, 14 June, 1864, Lovell succeeded to the command of the corps, and on 27 June repelled General Sherman's attack on his intrenchments at Kenesaw. When the war was ended he retired to a rice-plantation near Savannah, Georgia, but not long afterward went to New York city, and was engaged as an assistant engineer under General John Newton in removing the East river obstructions at Hellgate.

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