Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BARBOUR, John Merrett, jurist, born in Cambridge, Washington County, New York, 5 September 1807 ; died in New York City, 8 December 1881. He studied law in New York and went to Michigan when a very young man; was first elected a justice of the peace, then was made commissioner of internal improvements, and after the expiration of his term was elected county judge, in which capacity he served eight years. He subsequently moved to Saratoga Springs, New York, and then to Washington, District of Columbia, where he was clerk in the office of the solicitor of the treasury. In 1850 he removed to New York, where he advanced slowly to the front rank of his profession. In 1861 he was elected judge of the superior court, and in 1867 was reelected by a heavy majority. On the death of Chief Justice Robertson, Judge Barbour was unanimously chosen to preside in his place. He was an able and well-read lawyer, oftener excelling in the more quiet branches of the law than in the active contests that come before a jury.*His brother, Oliver Lorenzo, lawyer, born in Cambridge, Washington County, New York, 12 July 1811. lie wits graduated at Fredonia academy in 1827, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1832. He wits reporter of the New York court of chancery from 1847 to 1849, and of the state Supreme Court from 1848 to 1876. Hamilton College gave him the degree of LL. died in 1859. He published "Equity Digest " (4 vols., Springfield, Massachusetts, 1836-'41); "Treatise on Criminal Law" (Albany and New York, 1841; 3d ed., 2 vols., 1883) ; "Treatise on the Law of Set-Off" (Albany and New York, 1841); "Treatise on the Practice of the Court of Chancery" (2 vols., 1843; 2d ed., 3 vols., 1874-'5) ; "Reports of Cases decided in the Court of Chancery of the State of New York " (3 vols., 1847-'9); "Reports of Cases decided in the Supreme Court of the State of New York" (67 vols., 1848-'76, Digest in 3 vols., 1880); "A Summary of the Law of Parties to Actions at Law" (Albany, 1864; 2d ed., 1884), and "Digest of New York Reports" (2 vols., 1877). He also edited, with notes, " Collyer on Partnership" (Springfield, Massachusetts, 1838) ; "Chitty on Bills" (1839) ; and Cowen's " Civil Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace" (2 vols., Albany, 1844).
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