Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GREGORY, John Milton, educator, born in Sand Lake, Rensselaer County, New York, 6 July, 1822. He was graduated at Union in 1846, and spent two years in the study of law, but preferring to enter the ministry, became a Baptist clergyman. After a brief pastorate in the east he went to the west in 1852, and was appointed principal of a classical school at Detroit, Michigan His marked success soon attracted attention to his ability as an educator, and he was chosen superintendent of public instruction of the state, serving from 1858 till 1863. In the mean time, in association with President Erastus O. Haven, of the University at Ann Arbor, and Professor A. S. Welch, of the Normal school, he had established, in 1854, the "Michigan Journal of Education," taking the entire editorial charge. His reports as state superintendent were characterized by remarkable breadth of view and philosophical treatment of educational questions. Declining a re-election after holding this office for five years, he accepted the presidency of the Kalamazoo College, and in 1867 he was called to that of the Illinois industrial University, then just founded at Champaign, where he remained until 1880. During his term of office he also served as United States commissioner to the World's fair at Vienna in 1873, commissioner from the state of Illinois to the Paris. exhibition of 1878, and member of the board of judges in the educational department of the Centennial exhibition in Philadelphia. From 1889 till 1885 Dr. Gregory was a member of the United States civil-service commission. He is the author of a "Handbook of History" and "Map of Time" (Chicago, 1866); "A New Political Economy" (Cincinnati, 1882); and "Seven Laws of Teaching" (Chicago, 1883). During his residence in Michigan he published a "Compend of School Laws," and addresses on educational interests of that state.
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