Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MONTGOMERY, John, member of the Continental congress, born in the north of Ireland, 6 July, 1722; died in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 3 September, 1808. He received a good education, and, having inherited a small fortune, he emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1745 and settled in Carlisle, where he entered mercantile pursuits. Subsequently he served as cap-rain in the expedition against the Indians under General John Forbes, his commission bearing the date 7 May, 1758. He was in other ways prominent in local affairs, and was county treasurer in 1767-'76. In 1774 he was chairman of the committee of observation for Cumberland county, and in July, 1776, he was appointed by congress one of the commissioners to conclude a treaty with the western Indians at Fort Pitt. He commanded one of the Pennsylvania regiments that joined Washington on Long Island in 1776, and was taken prisoner at Fort Washington, but was soon exchanged, and then served as colonel of a battalion of associators during the campaign of New Jersey in 1777. Colonel Montgomery was elected by the general assembly to the Continental congress in 1782-'3, was one of the burgesses of Carlisle in 1787, and was commissioned an associate judge of Cumberland county in 1794. fie was a public-spirited citizen and active in the founding of Dickinson college, being a trustee from its foundation until his death. --His son, John, was mayor of Baltimore, attorney-general of Maryland, and a member of congress in 1807-'11.
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