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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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John Moore

MOORE, John, jurist, born in England, about 1658; died in Philadelphia, about 1 December, 1732. He is said to be one of the sons of Sir Francis Moore, whose father, Sir John Moore, was knighted by Charles II. in 1627. He was liberally educated, and adopted the profession of the law. About 1680 he emigrated, with his brother James, to South Carolina, and there no doubt practised in his profession until 1697, when he removed with his family and settled in Philadelphia, doing so, it is conjectured, at the instance of Colonel Robert Quarry, who in the same year removed from South Carolina to Philadelphia to become the judge of the vice-admiralty for Pennsylvania, Moore becoming the advocate for the crown in this court. In 1698 he was appointed by the king attorney-general for Pennsylvania, and at first declined the office, but afterward accepted it, when he was also appointed attorney-general by William Penn. In 1700 he was deputy judge under Quarry, and in 1'704 was deputy and acting judge in Pennsylvania. In 1700 he was appointed register-general of Pennsylvania, and when Penn in 1703 commissioned Colonel Markham to fill the place, Moore refused to relinquish the office, saying that it was his "property and freehold, and conceived it to be a point of law," and demanded a trial thereof, which was granted, and he and Markham filled the office jointly while contesting the matter. Markham died during the next year, when Governor Evans appointed himself to the office, and thus settled the matter. In the same year Moore was commissioned collector of the customs in Pennsvlvania for the king, which office he filled until his death. Next to David Lloyd, Moore was the most eminent lawyer in Pennsylvania during its early colonial history. He was among the first members of Christ church, of which he was one of the vestrymen during many years preceding his death.--His son, John, merchant, born in South Carolina in 1686; died in New York city in 1749, was sent to England to be educated. On his return to this country he settled in New York, where he became a merchant. He was one of the aldermen of the city, served several years in the legislature, was colonel of a regiment, and at the time of his death a member of the provincial council. He was the first person that was buried in Trinity church-yard, New York city.--Another son, Thomas, clergyman, born in South Carolina in 1689: died in Little Britain, London, England, was graduated at Oxford university, took orders and became chaplain to Bishop Aherbury, of Rochester, whose sermons were published under the direction of Dr. Moore.--Another son, Daniel, was also educated at Oxford, became a distinguished lawyer, acquired a large estate, and was for several years a member of parliament. His daughter, Prances. became the wife of Chancellor Erskine.--Another son, William, jurist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 6 May, 1699; died in Moore Hall, Chester County, Pennsylvania, 30 May, 1783, was sent by his father to England, where he was educated, and, after graduation at the University of Oxford in 1719, he returned to this country and settled at Moore Hall. He served in the assembly from 1733 till 1740, and in 1741 was commissioned a justice of the peace and judge of the county court. For forty years thereafter he was president judge of the court, and during the Indian troubles he commanded a militia regiment. He took an active part in the disputes between the governor and the assembly, favoring the proprietaries. In his published writings in Eranklin's "Gazehe" and elsewhere he attacked the assembly, and by this and other actions made himself so obnoxious to this body that they addressed the governor and asked that Moore be removed from office. He was finally arrested, imprisoned, and impeached, and in August, 1758, was tried before the governor and his council and acquitted, the governor declaring," "that Mr. Moore had purged himself from every one of them [the charges], and appeared to them to be perfectly innocent." Moore was characterized as " the most conspicuous and heroic figure in the county of Chester." His residence, Moore Hall, was situated on the Schuylkill river, twenty-three miles from Philadelphia, and within three miles of Valley Forge. The old stone mansion is still standing, and in 1787, when Washington went there on a fishing excursion, was known as the " Widow Moore's." See "William Moore, of Moore Hall," in "Historical and Biographical Sketches" (Philadelphia, 1883), and "Keith's Provincial Councillors" (1883).--The second John's grandson, Richard Channing', P. E. bishop, born in New York city, 21 August, 1762; died in Lynch-burg, Virginia, 11 November, 1841, was prepared to enter King's (now Columbia) college, but at the beginning of the Revolution his parents took him to West Point, New York, where he remained for four years, fie then studied medicine, obtained his diploma, and practised for several years, but afterward studied theology under Bishop Provoost's direction, and was ordained deacon in St. George's chapel, New York city, 15 July, 1787, and priest in St. Paul's chapel, 19 September, 1787, by that bishop. He was rector of Christ church, Rye, New York, for two years, when he accepted a call to St. Andrew's, Richmond, Staten island, New York This post he held for twenty-one years. He received the degree of D. D. from Dartmouth in ]805. In 1808 he was a clerical deputy to the general convention of his church in Baltimore, Maryland, and was chairman of the committee on additions to its hymnal. In 1809 he accepted the rectorship of St. Stephen's, New York city, where he remained for five years. He was elected bishop of Virginia in 1814, and was consecrated in St. James's, Philadelphia, 18 May, 1814. On removing to Virginia he accepted the rectorship of the Monumental church in Richmond, where he remained during the rest of his life. In 1828 he asked for an assistant, owing to age and infirmity, and in 1829 Rev William Meade was consecrated to this office. Bishop Moore was eminently successful in rousing" the Episcopal church in Virginia, from its state of lethargy and depression. His death at a good old age occurred suddenly while he was on a visitation of his diocese. He published various addresses, charges to his clergy, and a sermon on "The Doctrines of the Church," which he preached before the General convention in 1820. A memoir of his life was published shortly after his death by the Reverend Dr. John P. K. Henshaw (Philadelphia, 1842).--His son, David, born in New York city, 3 June, 1787; died on Staten island. 30 September, 1856, was graduated at Columbia in 1806, ordained in May, 1808, and the next year succeeded his father in the rectorship of St. Andrew's, Staten island, where he remained for the rest of his life. He received the degree of D. D. from Union college in 1841.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

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