Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PICTON, John Moore White, physician, born in Woodbury, New Jersey, 17 November, 1804; died in New Orleans, Louisiana, 28 October, 1858. His father, Reverend Thomas Picton, was chaplain and professor of geography, history, and ethics in 1818-'25 in the United States military academy, where the son was graduated in 1824. He was assigned to the 2d artillery, but resigned his commission in March, 1832, and in that year was graduated at the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania. He settled in New Orleans, where he practised his profession for thirty two years, acquiring reputation as an operator. He served for many years as home surgeon in the New Orleans charity hospital, and was president of the medical department of the University of Louisiana. He was a founder of the New Orleans school of medicine in 1856, in which he was professor of obstetrics from 1856 till 1858.--His cousin, Thomas, journalist, born in New York city, 9 Nay, 1822, entered Columbia, and subsequently the University of New York, where he was graduated in 1840. After studying law he was admitted to the bar in 1843. Several years later he visited Europe, and, after travelling over the continent, resided in the environs of paris, participating in the Revolution of 1848 as an officer of the 2d legion of the Banlieu. Upon his return to New York he began the publication of "The Era" in 1850 in conjunction with Henry W. Herbert, and in 1851 he became one of the editors of " The Sachem," afterward entitled the "True American," a vigorous advocate of the Associated order of united Americans. A little later he edited the "True National Democrat," the organ of the Free-soilers. On the reorganization of the " Sunday Mercury" he became one of its editors, and contributed to the paper a series of popular stories under the name of "Paul Preston." These were subsequently published in book-form, and had an extensive sale. At the beginning of the civil war he raised a battalion, which was consolidated with the 38th New York regiment, with which he went to the field. During the reign of Maximilian in Mexico, Mr. Picton was employed in the service of the Liberals, and wrote a" Defence of Liberal Mexico," which was printed for distribution among the statesmen of this country. General Rosecrans remarked that this publication had "done more for the cause of Mexico than all other external influences combined." He has translated some of the best modern romances from the French, and several of his light dramas are popular. He is the author of ''Reminiscences of a Sporting Journalist," issued in serial form, and, besides the works mentioned, has edited " Frank Forester's Life and Writings" (New York, 1881).
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