Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MORGAN, John, physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1725; died there, 15 October, 1789. His father, Evan Morgan, emigrated from Wales to Philadelphia, and engaged in mercanthe pursuits until his death in 1763. His son was graduated at the College of Philadelphia (now University of Pennsylvania) in 1757, after which he studied medicine with Dr. John Redman, serving an apprenticeship of six years, and then devoted four years, to a military life as surgeon and lieutenant of Pennsylvania troops. In 1760 he went to Europe, where, through his friend, Benjamin Franklin, he was introduced to many eminent men. While in London he attended the lectures and dissections of Dr. William Hunter. In November, 1761, he went to Edinburgh, where he received the degree of M. D. in 1763. He spent the winter of 1764 in Paris, studying anatomy, and while there submitted to the Royal academy of surgery memoirs on "Suppuration" and "The Art of making Anatomical Preparations by Corrosion," the latter of which procured his admission into that society. After visiting Italy and Holland he returned to London and became a licentiate of the College of physicians. In 1765 he returned to Philadelphia, and assisted in establishing a medical school in connection with the College of Philadelphia, in which he was appointed professor of the theory and practice of medicine. At this time it was the custom for physicians to prepare and furnish their remedies, but Dr. Morgan proposed a separation of pharmacy and surgery from the regular practice. In October, 1775, he was appointed by congress director-general to the military hospitals and physician-in-chief to the American army, and immediately joined General Washington in Cambridge. He found the hospital and army without medicines and appliances, and reorganized the general hospital, requiring proofs by examination of the qualifications of the assistants that were to be intrusted with the sick and wounded. Previous to this many unlettered and incompetent medical officers had found their way into the army, and the resulting condition of things was said by Washington to be "a disgrace to the profession, the army, and to society." In consequence of unjust complaints, Dr. Morgan was dismissed by congress without reason on 9 J an., 1777; but a committee of that body afterward investigated his conduct and honorably acquitted him. Washington, in a letter to Dr. Morgan, dated 9 January, 1779, says: "No fault, I believe, was or ever could be found with the economy of the hospitals
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