Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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MURPHY, John, publisher, born in Omagh, County Tyrone, Ireland, 12 March, 1812; died in Baltimore, Maryland, 27 May, 1880. When he was ten years old his parents emigrated to the United States and settled at New Castle, Delaware, where he attended a boys' school for two years, and then became a clerk in a country store. Two years later he went to Philadelphia, where, at the age of sixteen, he apprenticed himself to the printing business. When he attained his majority he removed to Baltimore and worked at his trade until 1835, when he opened an office of his own, which soon became noted for the excellence of his work. In 1840 he combined with his printing business a book and stationery store, to which he soon added a publishing department. Within a few years he was known as one of the chief Roman Catholic publishers in this country. In 1842 he began to issue the "United States Catholic Magazine," which was continued for seven years under the editorship of the Reverend Charles I. White and Bishop Spalding, of Louisville, Kentucky, afterward archbishop of Baltimore. From 1853 till 1859 he published the " Metropolitan Magazine," which was not a pecuniary success. In 1855 he printed a translation of the "Definition of the Dogma of the immaculate Conception," for which Pope Pius IX. sent him a gold medal, in 1866 he issued the "Proceedings of the Second Plenary Council of Baltimore." A copy of this work was sent to Pius IX., who conferred upon the publisher the honorary title of printer to the pope, a distinction that had never been bestowed on a resident of any English-speaking country. For more than a quarter of a century he printed the proceedings of the Maryland historical society, of which he was one of the early members.
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