Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KING, John Pendleton, senator, born near Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, 3 April, 1799; died in Augusta, Georgia, 19 March, 1888. His father took him to Tennessee, and in 1815 the son made his way to Georgia, where he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1819. After spending two years in Europe, where he completed his professional education, he returned to Augusta, rising rapidly, and in a few years he acquired a large estate. In 1833 he was chosen a member of the Constitutional convention of Georgia, in which he became a leader of the Jackson Democrats, and by his speeches before the convention, and especially by his discussion with W. H. Crawford, ex-secretary of the treasury and once a candidate for the presidency, King took rank among the most eloquent public men in Georgia. The same year he was elected to the United States senate to fill an unexpired term, and, being re-elected in 1834 for the full term, he served from 2 December, 1833, till 1 November, 1837, when he resigned on account of newspaper criticism of a notable speech that he had made against some of the measures of the Vail Buren administration. In 1842, when the country was in a state of financial depression, he took charge of the Georgia railroad, which, like many others, had failed. Under Mr. King's management it was speedily revived and the road finished. Various other roads, extending the connections of the Georgia road northwest and southwest, were projected and completed mainly under his supervision. He received the title of judge by executive appointment, but at the close of the term declined a re-election.--His daughter, Louise Woodward, born in Sand Hills, near Augusta, Georgia, 6 July, 1850; died in Augusta, 7 December, 1878, was educated at home and in a private school in Switzerland. She established in Georgia the Society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, and was the founder of the "Louise King home" for widows in Augusta. She contributed several sketches and poems to periodicals.--Another daughter is the present Marchioness of Anglesea, having married the marquis after the death of her first husband.
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