Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GRAY, John Perdue, physician, born in Half-moon, Centre County, Pennsylvania, 6 August, 1825" died in Utica, New York, 29 November, 1886. He was graduated at Dickinson in 1846, and at the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1848. In 1851 he was appointed third assistant physician to the New York state lunatic asylum in Utica, and in 1853 became acting superintendent. When the Michigan state asylum was projected in that year, he was elected its medical superintendent, and designed the plans for the new institute at Kalamazoo. In 1854 he resigned and became medical superintendent of the Utica asylum, where he spent the rest of his life. He did much to better the condition of the insane in this country, to improve modes of treatment, and to bring the poor \ insane within reach of the hospitals. Dr. Gray introduced into the asylums of this country the microscopical study of the brain. He was appointed consulting manager of the state asylum for insane criminals at Auburn in 1858, and acted as commissioner and adviser in establishing other asylums in the state. He served as president of the State medical society, and in 1870 of the psychological section of the International medical congress in Philadelphia, where he read a paper on "Mental Hygiene." He was made professor of psychological medicine and jurisprudence in Bellevue hospital medical College in 1874, and in the Albany medical College in 1876, and held these offices until 1882. His services as an expert on insanity were frequently employed in the courts, and he was regarded as good authority on all medical questions relating to life-insurance. His management of the New York state asylum gave that institution a wide reputation. His influence was felt in the state legislation on the subject of insanity, and his papers and reports were valuable contributions to science. In addition to his service in the asylum, he edited for many years the" American Journal of Insanity," of which he took charge in 1854o He took great interest in all public charities, and was active in the establishment of orphan asylums, hospitals, and all societies for the relief of the destitute. On 16 March, 1882, he was shot by Henry Remshaw. a lunatic, and never fully recovered from the effects of the wound. Dr. Gray was a member of numerous medical societies both here and abroad. Hamilton gave him the degree of LL. D, in 1874. He delivered many addresses, including "Homicide in Insanity" (1857); "Thoughts on the Causation of Insanity" (1874) ; '"Mental Hygiene" (1876) : "Abstract of the Laws of New York relative to Insanity" (1878); "Heredity" (1884); and "Insanity and Some of its Preventable Causes" (1885). These lectures will shortly be published by his widow.
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