Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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QUINLAN, John, R. C. bishop, born in Cloyne, County Cork, Ireland, 19 October. 1826 ; died in New Orleans, Louisiana, 9 March, 1888. He received a good classical education, determined to study for the priesthood, and, with this view, emigrated to the United States in 1844. After a theological course in Mount St. Mary's seminary, Emmettsburg, Maryland, he was ordained a priest in 1858, and stationed at Piqua, Ohio, till 1855, when he was appointed assistant pastor of St. Patrick's church, Cincinnati. Shortly afterward he was made president of Mount St. Mary's college of the west, at the same time filling the chairs of philosophy and theology. In 1859 he was nominated for the diocese of Mobile, and he was consecrated bishop on 4 December At this time there were very few priests in the diocese, and he went to Europe in 1860 for the purpose of obtaining clerical aid, as well as of paying the customary visit to the pope. Bishop Quinlan was ardent in his devotion to the temporal and spiritual interests of both sides in the conflict, and after the battle of Shiloh hastened to the field in a special train with succor for the wounded. After the war he exerted himself for the reorganization of his diocese, almost unaided. He built St. Patrick's and St. Mary's churches in Mobile, and erected others in different places, besides restoring those that had been destroyed. He founded many convents and schools, and introduced various religious orders into his diocese. Bishop Quinlan took part in the canonization of the Japanese martyrs in Rome in 1867, and was present at the Vatican council in 1869. He visited Rome again in 1882, and by contracting the Roman fever undermined his health. At the time of his death his diocese contained 40 priests, 36 churches, and about 13 convents and academies.
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