Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BROOKE, John R., soldier, born in Pennsylvania. He enlisted in the 4th Pennsylvania infantry in April, 1861, became captain at the organization of the regiment, and on 7 November was made colonel of the 53d Pennsylvania infantry. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers 12 May, 1864, and brevetted major general of volunteers 1 August, 1864. In the regular service he takes rank from 28 July, 1866, when he was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 37th United States infantry, one of the new regiments created by congress at that time. He was transferred to the 3d infantry 15 March, 1869--the 37th infantry being consolidated with that corps and discontinued by act of congress. He was promoted colonel, 13th infantry, 20 March, 1879, and re-transferred to the 3d infantry 14 June, 1879. In the regular army he received brevets as colonel and brigadier-general for gallantry in several battles--Cold Harbor (27 June, 1862); Gettysburg (1-3 July, 1863); Spottsylvania Court-House; and Tolopotomy (May, 1864).
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