Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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REDMAN, John, physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 27 February, 1722; died there, 19 March, 1808. He received his preparatory education at the academy of Reverend William Tennent, and began his medical studies under Dr. John Kearsley. At their conclusion he went to Bermuda, where he practised his profession for several years, and then visited Europe to complete his education. After attending lectures and "walking" the hospitals in Edinburgh, London, and Paris, he proceeded to Leyden, where he was graduated at the university in July, 1748. About 1762 he was attacked by disease of the liver, and subsequent delicate health compelled him largely to restrict his practice. On the foundation of the Philadelphia college of physicians in 1786 he was chosen president of that body, and for many years he was one of the physicians of the city hospital. From both these institutions, in which he was deeply interested, he retired only when he was forced to do so by the infirmities of age. Dr. Red-man was a strong advocate of heroic remedies, and considered more energetic measures necessary in the cure of diseases in this climate than in Europe. He bled largely in the yellow-fever epidemic of 1762, and advocated the same treatment in 1793. He wrote an account of the former visitation, and presented it to the College of physicians in the latter year. It was published in 1865. He employed mercury freely in all chronic affections, and in the diseases of old age he relied chiefly on slight but frequent bleedings. He was considered one of the foremost practitioners of his time.
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