Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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REID, John, British soldier, born in Scotland, 13 January, 1722" died in London, England, 6 February, 1807. He was tile son of Alexander Robertson, of Straloch, was educated at the University of Edinburgh, and entered the army as a lieutenant on 8 June, 1745. On 3 June, 1752, he became captain in the 42d regiment, and in 1758 he was appointed major. He served under General James Wolfe and General Jeffrey Amherst in the French war, and was wounded in the expedition against Martinique in 1762, and promoted lieutenant-colonel. In 1763 he was sent to the relief of Fort Pitt, and defeated its Indian besiegers in the well-fought battle of Bushy Run. In the summer of 1764 the 42d again participated in Colonel Henry Bouquet's expedition against tile Muskinum Indians. Lieutenant-Colonel Reid commanded all the British forces in the district of Fort Pitt in 1765, and an officer of the same name is mentioned as commandant at Fort Chartres, Illinois, in 1766. In 1771 he obtained a large tract of land in Otter Creek, Vermont. from which his tenants were expelled ill 1-772 by tile people of Bennington. He became major-general in October, 1781, lieutenant-general on 12 October, 1793, and general on 1 January, 1798.
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