Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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FENWICK, John R., soldier, born in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1780; died in Marseilles, France, 19 March 1842. He was educated in England, and was distinguished for his literary attainments early in life. He was appointed lieutenant of U. S. marines in 1799, captain in 1809, and lieutenant colonel of light artillery in December 1811. He was severely wounded and made prisoner at the battle of Queenstown Heights, 13 October 1812, was brevetted colonel in March 1813, for gallant conduct on the Niagara frontier, and was on the same date appointed adjutant general of the army, with the rank of colonel. He was disbanded with this rank in June 1815, but retained in the army as lieutenant colonel of light artillery. He was commissioned colonel of the 4th artillery in May 1822, and brevet brigadier general in March 1823.
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