Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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YOUNG, John Russell, journalist, born in Dewington. Chester county, Pennsylvania, 20 November, 1841. He received his education in the public schools of Philadelphia and the New Orleans high-school. He entered the employment of the Philadelphia " Press" in 1857 as copy-boy, and was promoted to other duties till at the beginning of the civil war he was sent to Virginia as war-correspondent. He remained with the Army of the Potomac from the battle of Bull Run till the end of the Chickahominy campaign. In 1864 he accompanied General Nathaniel P. Banks on his Red river expedition, after which he returned to Philadelphia to assume editorial charge of the " Press." He resigned in 1865 and attempted to establish a new paper in Philadelphia, which he called the "Morning Post," and after its failure began the publication of one in New York city named the "Standard," with which he had no better success. He then connected himself with the New York "Tribune," of which he was managing editor from 1866 till 1869. Having studied law for the prescribed term, he obtained admission to the bar in 1867. In 1871 he went to Europe as a correspondent of the New York "Herald," and was engaged in collecting news in Great Britain and on the continent till 1877, when, as commissioner of the "Herald," he accompanied ex-President Grant around the world. After his return to New York city in 1879 he resumed his place on the editorial staff. On 15 March, 1882, he was appointed United States minister to China. He filled that post until the accession of President Cleveland, and then returned to New York and engaged in his former occupation. He has published "Around the World with General Grant " (2 vols., New York, 1879).--His brother, James Rankin, journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 6 March, 1847, enlisted in the emergency campaign of 1863, and then entered the volunteer army in 1864, serving until the close of the war. In 1866 he became connected with the New York "Tribune," was its Washington correspondent until 1871, when he became executive clerk of the United States senate, which place he has since held. He is one of the owners of the Philadelphia " Evening Star," to which he has contributed the "S. M." correspondence.
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