Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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RYLE, John, manufacturer, born in Bollington, near Macclesfield, England, 22 October, 1817; died in Macclesfield, England, 6 November, 1887. He worked in the silk-mills of Macclesfield when but five years of age, and, having become an expert weaver and t hrowster, emigrated to the United States in 1839, and was engaged to establish a silk-factory at Paterson, New Jersey, of which he became owner in 1846. He was the first to carry on this business with success in the United States. At first the production was limited to twists and floss silks. He tried weaving in 1846, and again in 1859-'60, but was not able to make the manufacture of broad silks remunerative until after the civil war. SA-, Estacio de (sah), Portuguese soldier, born in Alentejo about 1530; died in Rio Janeiro, 20 February, 1567. He was a nephew of Men de Saa (q. v.). During the struggle between the French and Portuguese in Brazil the Portuguese government sent Estacio de Sa, with two galleons but few soldiers, to expel the invaders. [te arrived at Bahia in 1564, and, after waiting several months to organize a sufficient force, left in 1565 for Rio Janeiro, but, on examining the fortifications, became convinced of his inferiority. He then sailed for Santos, where he remained one year organizing militia and awaiting re-enforcements, and in January, 1566, sailed again for the Bay of Rio Janeiro. On 1 March he came to anchor at the bar and landed his force, fortifying himself between the Pgo d'As-sucar and the Morro Sgo Jogo, where he laid the foundations of the future city of Rio Janeiro. The governor-general, being informed by Jesuits of the critical condition of his nephew, sent an expedition to his aid. Estacio de Sa began operations immediately by attacking the fortifications, which were taken after an obstinate battle, in which Sa was wounded. The French were completely routed .and obliged to retire in their ships to Europe, but Sa died a few days afterward of his wound, and was buried in the church of Sgo Sebastigo, on the hill afterward called Morro do Castello.
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