Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com advises that these 19th Century
biographies, although edited, still contain period bias.
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SMALL, John, British soldier, born in Strathardle, Athole, Scotland, in 1726; died in the island of Guernsey, 17 March, 1796. After serving in the Scotch brigade in the Dutch service, he was commissioned an ensign in the 42d Highlanders, 29 August, 1747, and was appointed a lieutenant on the eve of the departure of that regiment for this country, to join the force under London. He served tinder Abercrombie in the attack on Ticonderoga in 1758, accompanied Sir Jeffrey Amherst the following year in his expedition, went to Montreal in 1760, was on service in the West Indies in 1762, and the same year was made captain. On 14 June, 1775, he received a commission as major to raise a corps of Highlanders in Nova Scotia in aid of the crown. He was in the battle of Bunker Hill, and is a prominent figure in Colonel Trumbull's picture. He was appointed major commanding the 2d battalion of the 84th royal engineers, with part of which he joined the army under Sir Henry Clinton at New York in 1779, and in 1780 he became lieutenant-colonel. He was appointed colonel, 18 November, 1790, became lieutenant-governor of Guernsey in 1793, and major-general, 3 October, 1794.
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In this powerful, historic work, Stan Klos unfolds the complex 15-year U.S.
Founding period revealing, for the first time, four distinctly different United
American Republics. This is history on a splendid scale -- a book about the not
quite unified American Colonies and States that would eventually form a fourth
republic, with only 11 states, the United States of America: We The