Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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EMERSON, John Smith, missionary, born in Chester, New Hampshire, 28 December 1800; died in Waialua, Oahu, Sandwich Islands, 28 March 1867. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1826, at Andover theological seminary in 1830, and was ordained in May 1831, having acted for a year as agent of the American board of commissioners for foreign missions. He had studied with the intention of becoming a missionary in India, but, yielding to a special call from the Sandwich Islands, sailed in November 1831, for Honolulu, and was pastor of the Congregational Church at Waialua from 1832 till 1864 with the exception of the years 1842'6, when he was professor in the seminary at Lahainaluna and pastor of the Church at Kaanapali. He visited the United States in 1860, and took the degree of M. D. there. He baptized nearly 1,200 persons during his pastorate. He published five volumes of elementary works, three of them in the Hawaiian language, and, while at Lahainaluna, was joint author, with Rev. Artemas Bishop, of an "English Hawaiian Dictionary," based on Webster's abridgment (Lahainaluna, 1845).His wife, Ursula Sophia Newell, born in Nelson, New Hampshire, 27 September 1806, married Mr. Emerson in 1831, and gave him efficient aid in his work.
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