Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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NIXON, John Thompson, jurist, born in Fairton, New Jersey, 31 August, 1820. He was graduated at Princeton in 1841, studied law, was admitted to the bar of Virginia in 1844, and to that of New Jersey in 1845, and began to practise in Bridgeton, New Jersey In 1-848-'9 he was a member of the New Jersey legislature, acting as speaker in the latter year. He was elected to congress as a Republican, serving from 5 December, 1859, till 3 March, 1863, and was an active member of the committee on commerce. In 18'70 he was appointed by President Grant United States judge for the district of New Jersey. In 1863 he delivered the annual address before the two literary societies of Princeton on "Endurance, Individual and National," and in 1864 he was made a trustee of this college. He took an active part in the old-school assembly of the Presbyterian church in 1869, in promoting the reunion of its two branches, and was a member of the general assembly's committee to revise the form of government and book of discipline. Mr. Nixon is one of the four residuary legatees designated by the late John C. Green, charged with the distribution to benevolent objects of a, n estate exceeding $7,000,000. He prepared the second, third, and fourth editions of Judge Lucius Q. C. Elmer's "Digest of the Laws of New Jersey," known as "Nixon's Digest" (4th ed., Newark, 1868); and also " Forms of Proceedings under the Laws of New Jersey" (2d ed., Trenton, 1856).
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